A container supplier should have specific control settings and loading procedures to be able to make sure that cargo will survive shipping with full protection of the goods to avoid spoilage. Without the proper techniques followed, and depending on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations in terms of size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and kind of refrigeration method. Here’s a list of settings requirements and loading procedures to help assure transport will likely be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for your optimum conditions of the cargo. Most reefer cargo (50 plus percent) contains vegetables and fruit, and the other forty percent consists of meats and fish. Each type has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set because of fresh cargo having to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, which is, the airflow rate from the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) each hour. Air-flow is usually from the foot of the reefer to the very top. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and thru packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo ought to be closed, that is certainly, just round the cargo.
3. Set the humidity control for optimum conditions depending on cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo ought to be secured to ensure that, once loaded, it does not move during shipment. Loaded cargo should never violate the utmost red-load line, which establishes the utmost height of cargo within the reefer container manufacturer, to enable proper airflow go back to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow must not be restricted from its proper flow around and thru the cargo. This may depend on the kind of cargo and whether it be chilled or frozen. However, if you can find significant gaps across the cargo, or excessively large chimneys between the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and reduce proper airflow where it is necessary to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor supplier has been properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without have to open it at any time with the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A suitably loaded and shipped reefer must provide adequate protection and repair of goods from beginning to end of the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers are often called reefers. A reefer is identified as “a refrigerator (especially one big enough to be walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play a crucial role in global trade. They permit companies to ship items including fruits, vegetables, dairy products and other items requiring refrigeration whilst in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped at the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels required for the product they are transporting. Reefer containers are typically fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly with all the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specially made to permit the transport of individual refrigerated container units and they are generally usually found in special parts of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems and a few reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to make certain perishable cargo is not really spoiled because of a refrigeration unit going bad.